The Department for Transport wants to see fully autonomous cars – driving with no human oversight – and cars with no steering wheels tested on UK roads.
Currently, the rules around trials require a human remote driver – not necessarily inside the vehicle but ready to take over control if needed.
Any new trial must, however, abide by strict rules, including informing the authorities and emergency services. Companies must also perform risk assessments and publish safety details.
The desire to see fully autonomous cars on the UK’s road by 2021 comes despite a series of fatal crashes in the US.